Artesia is a small community providing a relaxed and friendly environment ideal for raising a family. Artesia, originally named Miller, began in 1894 as a railroad siding and is located at the crossroads of two state highways. In the heart of New Mexico’s oil and gas industry, Artesia is one of few New Mexico towns that can boast strong and steady economic growth and recovery. Artesia is blessed with a unique combination of cultural assets, community pride, economic vitality, volunteer involvement and a thriving downtown core. There is also exceptional support of public projects by private industry. Artesia’s pride as a “City of Champions” is evident in the community.